India: It’s Own Worst Enemey

India: It’s Own Worst Enemey
Mar 13, 2013

With one of the globe’s largest economies, India is leading the way in a variety of industries. From software to biotech to textiles, India boasts an array of successful, growing businesses that provide a model for other developing nations. Unfortunately, the only thing standing in India’s path as a leader in innovation is India itself. When it comes to intellectual property (IP) protection, India comes in last.

Today, the House Ways and Means Trade Subcommittee is holding a hearing to discuss the growing trade relationship between the United States and India and the dramatic economic growth that India has experienced over the last few decades. While India’s economic ascent has been nothing short of miraculous, it is imperative that India take into account the importance of ensuring adequate IP rights as they consider expanding their trade and investment relationships globally.

Much of India’s success has been a product of increased domestic and foreign investment. However, due to inadequate protections for IP, many businesses investing capital in India face serious challenges that undermine the companies’ ability to compete and succeed in this vital market. While insufficient enactment of enforcement of IP rights dissuades foreign investment, the instability of India’s IP system also limits growth and opportunities for India’s domestic creative and innovative industries.

Last year, the U.S. Chamber’s Global Intellectual Property Center (GIPC) released an International IP Index (GIPC Index), Measuring Momentum. The Index set out to create an IP roadmap for key countries around the world to assess their IP systems in order to accelerate economic growth, create jobs, and improve foreign investment.

Out of the 11 countries surveyed, where did India fall? India came in last.

There have been a few positive developments in the IP space, like the release of the Draft National IPR Strategy and expansion of ex officioauthority. But for every step forward, it seems there are two steps back, and there have been repeated erosions of the IP climate. This week marks the one year anniversary of the issuance of India’s first ever compulsory license, in part, because the product was imported and not manufactured locally. With this decision, the Indian government delivered a significant blow to the pharmaceutical industry, whose success depends largely on the protection of patents for the medicines that they invest significant time, research, and resources to create. Additionally, India recently revoked a patent for a medicine that holds a valid patent in over 90 other countries. Further, while the passage of the Copyright Bill was, in theory, a positive step, in practice it largely ignored industry’s call to increase IP protection and does not achieve the intended purpose on implementing the WIPO copyright treaty.

With such significant economic growth in the past two decades, it is easy to look at the foreign investment in India and assume that the situation is fine. However, the reality is that there is significant untapped potential if the government passes adequate laws to counter the rampant piracy, both physical and via the Internet.

India has proven to be an open and innovative economy. Stronger protection of IP throughout India will benefit India’s citizens with greater choices and creative industries with an array of opportunities. Imagine the economic growth that could occur and the new innovative technologies that could be discovered if India had sufficient IP protections in place.

We hope today’s hearing will highlight the challenges that industries across the board face when dealing with the IP regime in India, and we look forward to addressing these challenges with both the U.S. Government and the Indian Government.

Originally published March 2013. Reprinted by permission,, April 2013. Copyright© 2013, U.S. Chamber of Commerce.

Why are VCs putting money into Quora when there are no plans for a revenue stream?

Answer by Jason M. Lemkin:

The basic idea of "tornado" investing (Geoffrey Moore's term) is to delay monetization in B2C investing if monetizing ihibits massive userbase "hypergrowth" (ultimately to a Top 50-100 or better website to make this work).  If monetization inhibits the "tornado", the rapid switch to a new paradigm from the niche-adoption phase of "The Bowling Alley" (which would be easy to monetize, albiet not to massive levels) … it isn't worth it.

It justifies not just Quora, but perhaps even more relevantly, Twitter, Instagram, Pinterest, Tumblr, etc.  Pinterest was apparently valued at well over a billion dollars without a revenue stream.

It does make sense, albiet there can only be a handful of success stories here.

But just one pretty much makes the math work.  Facebook is the greatest VC investment of all time, so far.

What takes guts is investing before the Tornado.  That's investing in Quora, which is still a (well populated) Bowling Alley.  But if you invest after the Tornado, it's not only obvious … it's too late.

Given the track record of the Quora team, and its obvious and early Bowling Alley success … it seems like a fair bet. 

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4 Things which helps in ‘Decision Making’

Idea, Information and Experience


Life of a entrepreneur never happens to be either flat or at 90 degree growth. Among all the things which matters, ability of ‘decision making’ matters the most, because this is what makes an entrepreneur. Even if somebody is not an entrepreneur, he is known by the decision he makes and not by plans he is having. ‘Decision making’ is nor a process, neither it has any rule book; it is the result of state of mind, which helps us to win over our fears without losing the sight at risk, reflect promptly and act more promptly. During the course of my professional and entrepreneurial journey, I have gathered few point which helps in improve decision making ability.

1)      ‘Invisible’ is ghost and it is meant to scare you only: We often get scared by some invisible fear, which has been bequeathed on us by our social structure and…

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Limitations Do Not Apply in Entrepreneurship

Entrepreneurial Ambitions

Are you a person who lets perceived limitations dictate what you can and cannot do? If so then entrepreneurship is definitely not the right option for you. Why else do you think entrepreneurs are described as risk takers and innovators? It is because they are a group of individuals who do not view a challenge as limiting but rather as an opportunity to grow and excel. Were average people pause and contemplate, entrepreneurs look and pursue. So what limits you from truly becoming an entrepreneur?

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